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计划生育:中国考虑逐渐放宽生育限制

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China is considering a gradual raising of its limits on the number of children a couple can have, according to a senior official of the National Population and Family Planning Commission.

据中国国家人口和计划生育委员会(NPFPC,国家人口计生委)的一位高级官员称,中国正在考虑逐渐放宽对夫妻生育孩子数量的限制。

The comments highlight growing concern about the demographic implications of the strict and sometimes harshly enforced population control rules that are a cornerstone of Chinese social policy.

上述言论突显,人们日益担心这一严格而执行力度有时非常严苛的人口控制政策对人口结构的影响。计划生育政策是中国社会政策的一个基石。

The so-called “one-child policy”, after the limit applied to urban members of China's dominant Han ethnic group, has been credited with preventing 400m births since the late 1970s.

在生育数量限制适用于中国占据主导地位的汉族城镇居民之后,所谓的“独生子女政策”自上世纪70年代末以来已经让中国少生了4亿人口。

However, it is also leading to a fall in the proportion of working-age citizens, which has prompted warnings that China will “get old before it gets rich”. This has become a big issue among decision-makers,and Beijing wanted to raise the birth limits “incrementally”.

然而,这也导致了劳动人口比例的下降,引发了中国将“未富先老”的警告。这已经成为决策者关心的重大问题,华府希望“逐步”放宽对生育数量限制。

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