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诸子百家 儒家 论语 雍也 (中英文)

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诸子百家 儒家 论语 雍也 Sinology Confucianism, the Analects of Confucius


1   雍也: 子曰:“雍也可使南面。”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "There is Yong - he might occupy the place of a prince."
 
2  雍也: 仲弓问子桑伯子,子曰:“可也简。”仲弓曰:“居敬而行简,以临其民,不亦可乎?居简而行简,无乃大简乎?”子曰:“雍之言然。”
 Yong Ye: Zhong Gong asked about Zi Sang Bo Zi. The Master said, "He may pass. He does not mind small matters." Zhong Gong said, "If a man cherish in himself a reverential feeling of the necessity of attention to business, though he may be easy in small matters in his government of the people, that may be allowed. But if he cherish in himself that easy feeling, and also carry it out in his practice, is not such an easymode of procedure excessive?" The Master said, "Yong's words are right."
 
3   雍也: 哀公问:“弟子孰为好学?”孔子对曰:“有颜回者好学,不迁怒,不贰过。不幸短命死矣!今也则亡,未闻好学者也。”
 Yong Ye: The Duke Ai asked which of the disciples loved to learn. Confucius replied to him, "There was Yan Hui; HE loved to learn. He did not transfer his anger; he did not repeat a fault. Unfortunately, his appointed time was short and he died; and now there is not such another. I have not yet heard of any one who loves to learn as he did."
 
4   雍也: 子华使于齐,冉子为其母请粟。子曰:“与之釜。”请益。曰:“与之庾。”冉子与之粟五秉。子曰:“赤之适齐也,乘肥马,衣轻裘。吾闻之也,君子周急不继富。”
 Yong Ye: Zi Hua being employed on a mission to Qi, the disciple Ran requested grain for his mother. The Master said, "Give her a fu." Ran requested more. "Give her an yu," said the Master. Ran gave her five bing. The Master said, "When Chi was proceeding to Qi, he had fat horses to his carriage, and wore light furs. I have heard that a superior man helps the distressed, but does not add to the wealth of the rich."
 
5  雍也: 原思为之宰,与之粟九百,辞。子曰:“毋!以与尔邻里乡党乎!”
 Yong Ye: Yuan Si being made governor of his town by the Master, he gave him nine hundred measures of grain, but Si declined them. The Master said, "Do not decline them. May you not give them away in the neighborhoods, hamlets, towns, and villages?"
 
6   雍也: 子谓仲弓曰:“犁牛之子騂且角,虽欲勿用,山川其舍诸?”
 Yong Ye: The Master, speaking of Zhong Gong, said, "If the calf of a brindled cow be red and horned, although men may not wish to use it, would the spirits of the mountains and rivers put it aside?"
 
7  雍也: 子曰:“回也,其心三月不违仁,其馀则日月至焉而已矣。”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "Such was Hui that for three months there would be nothing in his mind contrary to perfect virtue. The others may attain to this on some days or in some months, but nothing more."
 
8  雍也: 季康子问:“仲由可使从政也与?”子曰:“由也果,于从政乎何有?”曰:“赐也,可使从政也与?”曰:“赐也达,于从政乎何有?”曰:“求也,可使从政也与?”曰:“求也艺,于从政乎何有?”
 Yong Ye: Ji Kang asked about Zhong You, whether he was fit to be employed as an officer of government. The Master said, "You is a man of decision; what difficulty would he find in being an officer of government?" Kang asked, "Is Ci fit to be employed as an officer of government?" and was answered, "Ci is a man of intelligence; what difficulty would he find in being an officer of government?" And to the same question about Qiu the Master gave the same reply, saying, "Qiu is a man of various ability."
 
9  雍也: 季氏使闵子骞为费宰。闵子骞曰:“善为我辞焉。如有复我者,则吾必在汶上矣。”
 Yong Ye: The chief of the Ji family sent to ask Min Zi Qian to be governor of Fei. Min Zi Qian said, "Decline the offer for me politely. If any one come again to me with a second invitation, I shall be obliged to go and live on the banks of the Wen."
 
10   雍也: 伯牛有疾,子问之,自牖执其手,曰:“亡之,命矣夫!斯人也而有斯疾也!斯人也而有斯疾也!”
 Yong Ye: Bo Niu being ill, the Master went to ask for him. He took hold of his hand through the window, and said, "It is killing him. It is the appointment of Heaven, alas! That such a man should have such a sickness! That such a man should have such a sickness!"
 
11   雍也: 子曰:“贤哉回也!一箪食,一瓢饮,在陋巷。人不堪其忧,回也不改其乐。贤哉回也!”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "Admirable indeed was the virtue of Hui! With a single bamboo dish of rice, a single gourd dish of drink, and living in his mean narrow lane, while others could not have endured the distress, he did not allow his joy to be affected by it. Admirable indeed was the virtue of Hui!"
 
12  雍也: 冉求曰:“非不说子之道,力不足也。”子曰:“力不足者,中道而废。今女画。”
 Yong Ye: Ran Qiu said, "It is not that I do not delight in your doctrines, but my strength is insufficient." The Master said, "Those whose strength is insufficient give over in the middle of the way but now you limit yourself."
 
13   雍也: 子谓子夏曰:“女为君子儒,无为小人儒。”
 Yong Ye: The Master said to Zi Xia, "Do you be a scholar after the style of the superior man, and not after that of the mean man."
 
14  雍也: 子游为武城宰。子曰:“女得人焉尔乎?”曰:“有澹台灭明者,行不由径。非公事,未尝至于偃之室也。”
 Yong Ye: Zi You being governor of Wu Cheng, the Master said to him, "Have you got good men there?" He answered, "There is Dan Tai Mie Ming, who never in walking takes a short cut, and never comes to my office, excepting on public business."
 
15  雍也: 子曰:“孟之反不伐,奔而殿。将入门,策其马,曰:‘非敢后也,马不进也。’”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "Meng Zhi Fan does not boast of his merit. Being in the rear on an occasion of flight, when they were about to enter the gate, he whipped up his horse, saying, 'It is not that I dare to be last. My horse would not advance.'"
 
16  雍也: 子曰:“不有祝鮀之佞而有宋朝之美,难乎免于今之世矣!”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "Without the specious speech of the litanist Tuo and the beauty of the prince Zhao of Song, it is difficult to escape in the present age."
 
17  雍也: 子曰:“谁能出不由户?何莫由斯道也?”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "Who can go out but by the door? How is it that men will not walk according to these ways?"
 
18  雍也: 子曰:“质胜文则野,文胜质则史。文质彬彬,然后君子。”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "Where the solid qualities are in excess of accomplishments, we have rusticity; where the accomplishments are in excess of the solid qualities, we have the manners of a clerk. When the accomplishments and solid qualities are equally blended, we then have the man of virtue."
 
19  雍也: 子曰:“人之生也直,罔之生也幸而免。”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "Man is born for uprightness. If a man lose his uprightness, and yet live, his escape from death is the effect of mere good fortune."
 
20  雍也: 子曰:“知之者不如好之者,好之者不如乐之者。”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "They who know the truth are not equal to those who love it, and they who love it are not equal to those who delight in it."
 
21  雍也: 子曰:“中人以上,可以语上也;中人以下,不可以语上也。”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "To those whose talents are above mediocrity, the highest subjects may be announced. To those who are below mediocrity, the highest subjects may not be announced."
 
22  雍也: 樊迟问知。子曰:“务民之义,敬鬼神而远之,可谓知矣。”问仁。曰:“仁者先难而后获,可谓仁矣。”
 Yong Ye: Fan Chi asked what constituted wisdom. The Master said, "To give one's self earnestly to the duties due to men, and, while respecting spiritual beings, to keep aloof from them, may be called wisdom." He asked about perfect virtue. The Master said, "The man of virtue makes the difficulty to be overcome his first business, and success only a subsequent consideration - this may be called perfect virtue."
 
23  雍也: 子曰:“知者乐水,仁者乐山;知者动,仁者静;知者乐,仁者寿。”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "The wise find pleasure in water; the virtuous find pleasure in hills. The wise are active; the virtuous are tranquil. The wise are joyful; the virtuous are long-lived."
 
24  雍也: 子曰:“齐一变,至于鲁;鲁一变,至于道。”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "Qi, by one change, would come to the State of Lu. Lu, by one change, would come to a State where true principles predominated."
 
25  雍也: 子曰:“觚不觚,觚哉!觚哉!”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "A cornered vessel without corners - a strange cornered vessel! A strange cornered vessel!"
 
26  雍也: 宰我问曰:“仁者,虽告之曰:‘井有仁焉。’其从之也?”子曰:“何为其然也?君子可逝也,不可陷也;可欺也,不可罔也。”
 Yong Ye: Zai Wo asked, saying, "A benevolent man, though it be told him, 'There is a man in the well' will go in after him, I suppose." Confucius said, "Why should he do so? A superior man may be made to go to the well, but he cannot be made to go down into it. He may be imposed upon, but he cannot be fooled."
 
27  雍也: 子曰:“君子博学于文,约之以礼,亦可以弗畔矣夫!”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "The superior man, extensively studying all learning, and keeping himself under the restraint of the rules of propriety, may thus likewise not overstep what is right."
 
28  雍也: 子见南子,子路不说。夫子矢之曰:“予所否者,天厌之!天厌之!”
 Yong Ye: The Master having visited Nan Zi, Zi Lu was displeased, on which the Master swore, saying, "Wherein I have done improperly, may Heaven reject me! may Heaven reject me!"
 
29  雍也: 子曰:“中庸之为德也,其至矣乎!民鲜久矣。”
 Yong Ye: The Master said, "Perfect is the virtue which is according to the Constant Mean! Rare for a long time has been its practice among the people."
 
30  雍也: 子贡曰:“如有博施于民而能济众,何如?可谓仁乎?”子曰:“何事于仁,必也圣乎!尧舜其犹病诸!夫仁者,己欲立而立人,己欲达而达人。能近取譬,可谓仁之方也已。”
 Yong Ye: Zi Gong said, "Suppose the case of a man extensively conferring benefits on the people, and able to assist all, what would you say of him? Might he be called perfectly virtuous?" The Master said, "Why speak only of virtue in connection with him? Must he not have the qualities of a sage? Even Yao and Shun were still solicitous about this. Now the man of perfect virtue, wishing to be established himself, seeks also to establish others; wishing to be enlarged himself, he seeks also to enlarge others. To be able to judge of others by what is nigh in ourselves - this may be called the art of virtue."

 


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