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英语短故事写作:视角选择--第三人称

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英语短故事写作:视角选择--第三人称

THIRD PERSON 第三人称
When you write in the third person, the author, rather than a character, takes on the narrator's role. There is no I or me in third person, except in dialogue. All of the characters, including the protagonist, are he, she, and they.

A third person narrative gives you a larger playing field. You can operate on a grander scale, with greater flexibility. You can be in two places at once. You can take your reader inside the minds of more than one character, presenting each person's unique perspective on the story's issues and events. The trade-off is that you sometimes sacrifice the high level of intimacy and the ease of reader identification that a first person narrative affords.

Although there are many subtle variations to the third person point of view, it offers a writer three main options:

Limited or restricted third person 有限第三人称
This is similar to first person in that there is one specific viewpoint character. We see the action through his eyes and are privy to his thoughts, and no one else's.

Multiple points of view  多重性视角
In a multiple viewpoint story, wetake turns looking through the eyes of two or more view-point characters. In this way we gain a more complete understanding of the characters and also of the story's events and issues.

The usual way to handle multiple viewpoints is to assign each character certain scenes. When you have decided to which character a scene belongs, make sure you stay in that viewpoint from the beginning of the scene to the end. Occasionally an author mixes first person and third in a multiple viewpoint story, using the first person to signal the protagonist's scenes.

Omniscient point of view 全知性视角
Here the author is not only the narrator but becomes, in a sense, the viewpoint character as well. The author does not actually appear in the story, of course, but describes the events based on his knowledge of the characters, events, and issues with which the story deals. Because the author knows everything (that's what omniscient means), there are no restrictions. You can describe what's going on at every place and at every moment. You can be inside every character's head, showing each individual's observations, thoughts, feelings, and actions.

The omniscient viewpoint may appear to be the easiest to handle, but it has its own pitfalls. It can sometimes degenerate into an attempt to give everyone's point of view at once. Jump around too much from one character's head to another, and your readers are likely to become distracted or befuddled rather than enlightened.

This approach can also be more distancing. Readers may have difficulty figuring out which character to identify with. The author's commentary, coming from beyond the story, can seem intrusive, pulling readers out of the moment and destroying the immediacy of the story. The omniscient viewpoint requires skill and care equal to the others.

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