Choosing a Point of View 视角选择
In fiction, point of view refers to the vantage point from which readers observe the events of the story. In other words, whose eyes will we be looking through as we read? As the author, the choice is up to you.
The ways you can handle point of view fall into two major categories, first person and third person. Each has its benefits and disadvantages.
FIRST PERSON 第一人称
In the first person point of view, one character acts as the narrator, directly telling us her own version of the events. The narrator refers to herself as I or me, just as you do when you tell a friend what happened to you this afternoon.
Most of the time the first person character is the protagonist, but it can be anyone--another major character, a lesser participant, or someone who is simply an observer of the events.
First person offers the advantage of strong reader identification with the character. The reader is given an experience that is as direct, intense, and immediate as the character's own, presented in the narrator's natural voice. Because we are in this person's head and heart, we can hear her thoughts and feel her emotions. We get to know her more intimately, and therefore care about her more intensely.
The drawback is that you can tell the reader only what the narrator actually observes or knows firsthand. The narrator cannot climb inside another character's head; she can only guess at his thoughts and feelings based on the evidence of what he says and does. Nor can she know what is happening in a place where she is not present, unless someone tells her about it later.
vantage point: A position that affords a broad overall view or perspective, as of a place or situation