extractive industry 一词经常被错误翻译，比如金山词霸把它解释为“农业”——这是不对的。咱们先看下面对改词的英文介绍文章：
The extractive industry is responsible for providing the raw materials that make it possible for you to survive and enjoy your everyday lives!
Essentially the extractive industry is concerned with the physical extraction of metals, minerals and aggregates from the Earth.
The extractive industry is made up of the mining, quarrying, dredging, oil and gas extraction industries. These differ in what, how and where they extract.
Mining can be defined as the extraction of metals and solid fossil fuel, and extraction can take place in either an underground mine or in an above ground mine, known as a surface mine, 'open-cast mine', 'open-pit' or just 'pit'. Quarrying can be defined as the extraction of aggregates and industrial minerals above ground. Dredging can be defined as the extraction of marine aggregate underwater. Oil extraction can be defined as the extraction of liquid fossil fuel, and gas extraction can be defined as the extraction of gaseous fossil fuel.