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联合国宪章 COURT OF JUSTICE 国际法院

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CHAPTER XIV   THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE 

Article 92
The International Court of Justice shall be the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It shall function in accordance with the annexed Statute, which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter.


Article 93
All Members of the United Nations are ipso facto parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice.

A state which is not a Member of the United Nations may become a party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice on conditions to be determined in each case by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.


Article 94
Each Member of the United Nations undertakes to comply with the decision of the International Court of Justice in any case to which it is a party.

If any party to a case fails to perform the obligations incumbent upon it under a judgment rendered by the Court, the other party may have recourse to the Security Council, which may, if it deems necessary, make recommendations or decide upon measures to be taken to give effect to the judgment.


Article 95
Nothing in the present Charter shall prevent Members of the United Nations from entrusting the solution of their differences to other tribunals by virtue of agreements already in existence or which may be concluded in the future.


Article 96
The General Assembly or the Security Council may request the International Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on any legal question.

Other organs of the United Nations and specialized agencies, which may at any time be so authorized by the General Assembly, may also request advisory opinions of the Court on legal questions arising within the scope of their activities.

 


第十四章  国际法院


第九十二条
  国际法院为联合国之主要司法机关,应依所附规约执行其职务。该项规约系以国际常设法院之规约为根据并为本宪章之构成部分。

第九十三条
  一、联合国各会员国为国际法院规约之当然当事国

  二、非联合国会员国之国家得为国际法院规约当事国之条件,应由大会经安全理事会之建议就各别情形决定之。

第九十四条
  一、联合国每一会员国为任何案件之当事国者,承诺遵行国际法院之判决。

  二、遇有一造不履行依法院判决应负之义务时,他造得向安全理事会申诉。安全理事会如认为必要时,得作成建议或决定应采办法,以执行判决。

第九十五条
  本宪章不得认为禁止联合国会员国依据现有或以后缔结之协定,将其争端托付其他法院解决。

第九十六条
  一、大会或安全理事会对于任何法律问题得请国际法院发表咨询意见。

  二、联合国其他机关及各种专门机关,对于其工作范围内之任何法律问题,得随时以大会之授权,请求国际法院发表咨询意见。

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